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The basic of digital accessibility

Dec 28, 2019
People with disabilities have the right to full and equal participation in all walks of life. The Equal Rights Act for People with Disabilities and Accessibility Regulations are designed to ensure that they can exercise this right.
The W3C International Web Content Accessibility Guidelines become an international guideline for website accessibility regulation.
The Accessibility Regulations deal with the removal of barriers so that people with disabilities can receive the same level of comfort and quality as the general public accepts.
Accessible accommodations allow people with different disabilities such as the blind and visually impaired, people with physical disabilities who have difficulty operating their hands, people with cognitive disabilities such as dyslexia and ADHD, people with hearing impairments and others with disabilities, to make effective use of the services and information offered on the site.

Here are some examples of guidelines for sites for people with disabilities:

A blind user uses software that can read information from the computer. When browsing the site, the website should be adjusted so it will be able to read all texts in logical order, obtain a description of information contained in the images, identify headings and links and be able to run everything on the site such as Links, Forms and Buttons.
A user with a disability who is unable to operate a mouse or similar facility can navigate the site and perform operations using commands provided through the keyboard.
The text on the website is relatively conspicuously colored in the background, enabling people whose vision is poor to read.
People with hearing impairments can obtain the verbal information provided on videos on the site by adding captions to the videos.
Web accessibility can actually benefit everyone, including people without disabilities. Web accessibility is about making web design flexible, increasing usability for all. Also, it has been shown that web accessibility can have a very positive affect financially, technically, and through public perception of an organization.
What does an accessible site look like?
An accessible site looks like a regular site, and the adjustments usually do not change the appearance or ability of people with disabilities to navigate, read, or use it.
There are sites where accessibility bars have been added that allow users to change colors, increase captions, and so on.

How do I check site accessibility?
Most testing is done by people and about a third of it can be done with automated tools.
How do I make my site accessible?
The accessibility is made in accordance with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. The instructions include links to explanations and examples on how to make the submission. The explanations are adapted to various technologies that use web services including HTML, FLASH, PDF, CSS and more. These explanations and examples are regularly updated according to technological developments.
Do I have to install "Accessibility Bar" on my site?
An accessible website is a site that complies with the Accessibility Regulations which is based on the WCAG 2.0 Guidance Document AA Level.
It should be noted that the integration of these bars is not mandatory and that a site can be pre-manufactured in contrast to the colors in accordance with the standard, and the caption can be increased using the browser, but having the bar allow keeping the website design and add the plugin without having the need to change the site look and fill of the existing design.

Dose the access bar guaranty accessibility?
Many website owners often add an "access bar", a shelf product that allows for certain accessibility adjustments. It should be emphasized that incorporating these bars is not exempt from compliance with all of the above regulatory and standard requirements with respect to a website, or from making any necessary accessibility adjustments. It should also be emphasized that there is no obligation to use the "Accessibility Bar" to reach the level of accessibility required by law and regulations.

Nowadays, not only the access to digital content has become a part of our daily lives, it has been also stated as a fundamental right. Not being able to access the Internet for disability reasons is simply a factor of discrimination, even a social and professional exclusion!
In that matter, the worldwide-known Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (or WCAG), ensure that all companies follow its strict Standards that meet the needs of individuals, organizations, and governments internationally.

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People with disabilities (PWD), estimated at 1.3 billion, form a market the size of China. Together with their friends and family, acting on their emotional connection, PWD hold over $8 Trillion in annual disposable income. With the elderly population, a group with the biggest share of the national wealth, adding to this number, this is a market that can’t be ignored.

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